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turquoise mines of the southwest pendant

The turquoise mines of the southwest

Hi, all! Today, I’ll tell you a secret – you can find out where your Turquoise came from just by looking at it! This is because of Turquoise mines – every mine produces a unique stone. This way, you can find out if your turquoise necklace came from Arizona, Nevada, or one of the turquoise mines of the Southwest. I want to tell you all about them and the fantastic stones they produce.

So, let’s get to it!

Turquoise Mines in Arizona

The Bisbee Mine

Bisbee Turquoise was one of the first on the market under its registered name “Bisbee Blue.” This mine, also called the “Lavender Pit,” provided Turquoise that is of a high blue color, hard, gently webbed, and with a soothing, chocolate brown matrix. Aside from the more “traditional” blue, the Turquoise mind from Bisbee was also green! Closed in the 1970s, stones from this mine are very hard to find – they’re mostly sold and bought by collectors.

The Castle Dome Turquoise Mine

Sadly, this mine has been closed since the 1970s. The area has since been reclaimed – the hole’s been filled, and the soil is again a home for many native plants and grasses. Nature always wins!

Turquoise from Castle Dome is of an otherworldly blue color, and with a light brown to the gold matrix. The most unique aspect of this stone is the presence of a honey brown crust before it is cut.

Gleeson or Courtland Turquoise

Discovered in the 1890s, the Gleeson mine boomed with the production of turquoise, silver, gold, and copper. Story has it that even Tiffany and Co. bought up the turquoise mines in Gleeson, which tells you something about how gorgeous and valuable these stone were!

Ithaca Peak

Just above the Kingman mine, in northwestern Arizona, is where you can find the Ithaca Peak mine. Turquoise mined there is of a clear sky blue color, with a pyrite matrix. It’s pretty rare, however, to get one of these stones, since production is more focused on Turquoise Mountain and Kingman Turquoise.

The Kingman Turquoise Mine

The largest Turquoise mine in the whole of North America is right in our backyard – northwestern Arizona! The stones coming from the Kingman mine are of a blue color, a ‘high blue,’ with a black matrix. The stones are found in nuggets, and of an exceptional quality. This is why most of the Turquoise jewelry you see around today can be traced back to this mine, in our very own Arizona.

Morenci Turquoise

Morenci Turquoise mine

The stones from Southeastern Arizona found and produced in the Morenci mine are something truly special. With colors ranging from a high to light blue (rarely in a dark blue), come with a matrix of irregular black pyrite. After polishing, the pyrite looks almost identical to silver! Matrix patterns in Morenci Turquoise can also come in Birdseye or Water Web, and the matrix itself can also be made from quartz.

The Sleeping Beauty Mine

Not too far from Globe, Arizona is a hill that looks like a woman asleep. This is how the mine and the stone got their name – The Sleeping Beauty Turquoise. A solid, light blue colored stone with no matrix or webbing has been a favorite of the Zuni Pueblo silversmiths for decades. With its robin’s egg blue, a strong resemblance to Persian Turquoise, and an out of this world quality, the Sleeping Beauty Turquoise is both of the highest value and the most popular choice of Turquoise stone today (and it’s also my favorite of them all!).

Turquoise Mountain

Located in northwestern Arizona near the Kingman mine, Turquoise Mountain produces stones of a light to the high blue color whose matrix can be both webbed or non-webbed. A Birdseye matrix, common among these stones, is one that shows areas of light blue rimmed with a darker blue matrix – so it really does look like an eye of a bird! Another absolutely beautiful detail about the Turquoise from this mine is that the stone can exhibit a whole range of color in just one piece, from a pale blue to a (surprising) lime green.

Turquoise Mines in Colorado

Cripple Creek

Cripple Creek coloradoOriginally a by-product of gold mining, Turquoise from the Cripple Creek mine in Teller County has become a little more common than before. It’s still mined by a group called the Bad Boys of Cripple Creek. The stones found here are mostly greenish in color, though they can also be from a light to dark blue, with a brown matrix. The amazing thing about Turquoise from Cripple Creek is that sometimes, though not too often, you can find natural Gold Ore in it!

Manassa Turquoise

Historically called the Lickskillet Turquoise Mine, the Manassa turquoise is still in production, though it is sometimes referred to as “Kings Manassa” (this is because it had been in the King family up until 2010). These stones can range from a blue-green to green color, with a golden or brown, non-webbed matrix. It’s believed that the first people to mine this location were the Anasazi people!

Villa Grove Turquoise Mine

This mine is sadly forever closed – it’s covered by a small lake created by a diverted creek. Turquoise from Villa Grove is of a deep blue, similar to the Bisbee stones. The main difference between the two is the matrix – Villa Grove has a gold or black matrix color, and can even feature dendrites and a fine, spider-web matrix. It’s amazingly rare, but also jaw-droppingly beautiful!

Turquoise Mines in Nevada

Ajax Turquoise Mine

Located just south of Reno, this small mine is no longer active. Turquoise that had once been produced in Ajax is of a light blue color with darker blue veins, though it can also be predominantly of a dark green color with light blue areas. The most striking detail about the Ajax Turquoise is that the mine often produces bi-color nuggets. So a stone can have not only a light blue, but a very dark green within it! This can look striking, as though you molded two different stones together, or it can be more subtle, like the confluence of two differently colored rivers.

Black Diamond Nevada Turquoise Mine

Some call this stone the classic American Turquoise look. The Black Diamond mine produces a dark blue Turquoise with a black matrix of dendrites and a triangle-shaped black chert. It can also be a dark blue with a smoky black matrix, or one blue color can swirl into two darker blues – stunning!

Carico Lake Turquoise

This mine is located in a dried up lake bed in Lander County, Nevada. Turquoise produced here is mainly light blue with a light brown or sometimes black spiderweb matrix. Lime Turquoise also comes from this lake – a clear, spring green color makes it dazzling. The Carico Lake Turquoise can also be of a dark blue-green color with a black or brown spiderweb matrix.

Cortez A.K.A. Fox Turquoise Mine

Despite being known to local Native Americans for centuries previously, the first ‘official’ claim to this location was filed in 1914. The Fox Turquoise mine was one of the most productive mines in Nevada; today, it’s no longer active. The stones mined here are in a multitude of shades of blue and green, with both often in the same stone.

Turquoise Mines in New Mexico

The Cerrillos Turquoise Mines

Cerrillos Turquoise MinesLong before the Europeans, the Cerrillos was mined by the people of the Pueblos in the area. The stones from these mines used to be “Tiffany Turquoise” because of their color – sadly, that kind of stone is no longer mined, but only found among private individuals. Today, the mined Turquoise color is mostly green, ranging from jade to pale seafoam, with a flecked matrix in gray and black. The matrix can range from little to none, with lines and rivulets of webbing.

Hachita Turquoise Mine

The mining at Hachita goes way back to pre-history and all the way to 1905. That’s why it’s so rare to see today, and you may have seen it only in vintage pieces. It used to be that these stones were of a wide range of colors and matrixes, from a sky blue to a deep green. Today, it ranges from teal to a light seafoam color with a relatively little matrix.

The Tyrone Mine

Sadly, no Turquoise is mined in Tyrone anymore. You can, however, recognize these stones by their deep shades of blue, green, and teal. There is not much matrix, though when there, it can look black in natural light. It’s a beautiful rarity, today mostly found among collectors or jewelers who release their own holdings.

There you have it – all the Turquoise mines of the Southwest! There are so many of them, and each has its very own unique Turquoise.

We carry almost as many types of Turquoise, and I’m sure you’ll find the one that’s just screaming your name! Check out our store, and pick a piece of jewelry to brighten your day!

XOXO DeeDee

pink camel new event

Hello Handmade Market

HELLO HANDMADE MARKET

Date: Saturday, December 15, 2018

Time: 10am – 4pm

Location: Heritage Square
113 N 6TH ST
Phoenix, AZ 85004

Bring the family for music, food, fun workshops & local Arizona makers!

www.hellohandmademarket.com

TEASPRESSA Pop Up

TEASPRESSA Pop Up

TEASPRESSA Pop Up

Sunday August 5th, 2018
9am-12pm
4628 E. Indian School Rd.
Phoenix AZ 85018

Come join me at TEASPRESSA’s First Sundays Pop Up. Shop other amazing local vendors and try some amazing Tea from TEASPRESSA!

XOXO DeeDee

The Healing Powers of Turquoise

Hello, everyone! Who else out there is always on the hunt for natural remedies? Whether it be food, herbs, oils or even gemstones. While I do believe in Western Medicine I feel there are many more natural ways to aid our everyday wellness and health. Working with so many varieties of gemstones has opened my eyes to their healing properties. I’d like to share a little more about one of my favorites – Turquoise, and there is so much more to it than just a pretty color!

turquoise arrowhead

Sterling Silver Arrowhead Pendant Featuring Kingman Turquoise from Pink Camel Boutique

First, a Little Bit About Turquoise

The Turquoise stone has a prominent place in Native American culture. The Sleeping Beauty Turquoise from Arizona was found way back during the Anasazi times. Turquoise beads have even been found at the Chaco Canyon Site, and they’ve been dated back to before 900 A. D. People of the Southwest have used this stone for centuries!

Even farther back, 7000 years ago, Turquoise was used among many different cultures – from the Mesopotamians, the Aztecs, to the Ancient Egyptians, to the Chinese. You might say that Turquoise is one of the most popular and significant stones in history!

Today, there are many Turquoise mines around the world. Turquoise deposits can be found in Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Australia, Iran, China, and others. In the USA, Turquoise mines are in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. My favorite stone, the Sleeping Beauty Turquoise, is extracted from the mine of the same name in Arizona. The most amazing thing about it is that it has a gorgeous blue of the summer skies and hardly any webbing!

sleeping beauty turquoise

Sleeping Beauty Turquoise Stones

Now, when it comes to the healing properties of Turquoise, some healers believe that they are stronger in more greenish stones, like Tibetan Turquoise or Nevada Turquoise. They say that the green of this stone has a different kind of vibration to it, so it’s more useful when you want to clear your throat chakra from blockages or when you want to unleash all the suppressed self-expression you’ve been keeping bottled up. In any case, Turquoise stones do have some fantastic healing properties, no matter which stone you choose!

How to Use Turquoise for Healing

Before I tell you what Turquoise can be used for, I just want to make a quick note on how you can use this stone.

The answer is – any way you want! Most healers and believers say that you can place the stone anywhere on your body and you can feel it working! Stone to skin contact is best, but it will work even if the stone is close to your skin (if you have Turquoise earrings, for example). Personally, I like to wear a piece of Turquoise while I meditate or practice yoga to take advantage of its healing properties.

Turquoise for Physical Healing

If you’ve ever had troubles with your immune, respiratory, digestive or skeletal system, Turquoise can give you some relief. Wearing Turquoise can help you with allergies, or even prevent tracheitis and other bronchial attacks. Some say that by healing the breath this stone can even reduce stammering!

Since Turquoise is a strengthening stone, it can enhance your psychic immune system too. It can help you fight exhaustion, panic attacks, or depression.

Detoxification is another way Turquoise can heal your physical body. If you’ve had a great night and you’re paying for it in the morning, a Turquoise stone can help detoxify you from alcohol. Apart from that, this stone can help with getting rid of other nasty things, such as pollution. And after driving on the road and being surrounded by all those fumes, who wouldn’t want some detoxification!

Turquoise for Emotional Healing

Then it comes to inner healing, mental and emotional, Turquoise is really a communication stone. It can help with fear of public speaking (and who wouldn’t want that!), and it can encourage you to become more eloquent, honest, creative and even loving.

When I look into the deep blue of the Turquoise, I immediately feel calmer, like I just dove in cold water on a hot summer day. This is no accident! Turquoise can help balance and bring you serenity and peace. Wearing it can boost your vitality, relieve stress, and help you regain your focus.

Having Turquoise close to you can assist you with all acts of purification – mostly, with purging negative energy from around you. Not only that, but wearing Turquoise jewelry promotes self-realization, creative problem solving, and it can also stabilize your mood.

If you’ve ever felt the urge to self-sabotage, Turquoise can make that vanish! It soothes the mind, and can help you see the causes of happiness and unhappiness, letting you overcome those obstacles with a clear head.

Turquoise and Chakras

If you’re interested in what Turquoise can do for your chakras, good news! This stone is associated with the Throat, or 5th, chakra – the center of communication, serenity, spiritual bonding, and creativity.

When it comes to other chakras, Turquoise can open the Heart chakra for giving and receiving love, and when placed on the Third Eye, it can enhance your intuition and help you meditate.

These are just some of the Turquoise’s amazing healing abilities. Wearing it can really lift your spirits up in so many ways. I can hardly explain the feeling of how much calmer and more creative I get to feel when I have Turquoise against my skin. I hope you’ll find that out for yourself soon!

turquoise rings

Sterling Silver Rings Featuring Kingman Turquoise from Pink Camel Boutique

We carry so many pieces of Native American Turquoise jewelry, I’m sure your favorite is waiting just for you. Check out our store and you’ll be ready to start your healing journey!

XOXO DeeDee

Image of Native American Jewelry by tribe.

Types Of Native American Jewelry By Tribe

Growing up, my Nana (mom’s mom) had a huge collection of Native American Jewelry. Here in Arizona, it is very easy to come by. As I got older and started to learn the history of our State and the Native American Tribes that thrived here, I became curious as to which tribe made each piece that I have inherited from her. This sparked an idea for my next blog post! So, I have decided to explore some of the most well-known tribes and the beautiful jewelry they create!

Native American Silver Jewelry

Before we get into each of the tribe’s style of jewelry, I want to tell you a little history of how silver came to be one of the most recognizable and commonly used “ingredients” for Native American jewelry.

Roughly 12,000 years ago, Native Americans crafted their jewelry out of shells, stone, and other natural materials. Animal and fish bones, white rocks, corals – all of these materials could be transformed into pendants, beads for jewelry and other decorations. During this time the Native Americans used their jewelry as currency or collateral when trading with the European settlers. It was only in the 19th century that Native Americans began to incorporate silver into their craftsmanship.

The first Native American silversmith was a man named Atsidi Sani who came from the Navajo tribe. Sometime in the 1850’s, he learned his craft from a Mexican man, Nakai Tsosi, to make harnesses for trade. As a silversmith, Atsidi Sani’s most magnificent works were conchos, bracelets and a variety of other jewelry. He eventually passed his knowledge to his four sons and even became a professional teacher of the craft.

It is said that the first time turquoise was used in combination with silver was sometime in the 1900’s by Atsidi Chon, another prominent figure in Navajo and Native American jewelry making.

Ever since then, silver and turquoise have been one of the most important and prominent parts of Native American jewelry crafting! Now, let’s take a deeper look at how this craft and styles have evolved for some of the well-known tribes in the Southwest.

The Navajo

Image of Navajo Inlay Dragonfly pendant from Pink Camel Boutique

Navajo Inlay Dragonfly pendant from Pink Camel Boutique.

Where else to begin than with the tribe of the first Native American silversmiths – the Navajo! The motifs most often found in Navajo jewelry are flowers, leaves, beads, and hand stamp work. The stones used in the jewelry are often large and chunky. Honestly, each one of them is just gorgeous!

The most unique piece of jewelry made by the Navajo tribe is the squash blossom necklace. Ever since the late 19th century, these necklaces have dominated the Navajo jewelry style. They are made up of beaded silver, squash blossom petal beads and the finishing touch is, of course, a naja pendant (in the shape of an inverted crescent). They are unique – not only among Native American jewelry but in the whole necklace sphere!

While the Zuni tribe first perfected Inlay style jewelry, many Navajo Indians have become some of the most prolific inlayers around. The craft of inlay starts with a piece of jewelry, usually in Sterling Silver, with channels or voids that allow the piece to be inlaid with endless combinations of colors and cuts of gemstones. Pink Camel Boutique is honored to be a home for some of the most beautiful pieces of Inlay jewelry from Navajo artisans.

The Hopi

Image of a Hopi Overlay bracelet.

Hopi Overlay Bracelet

The Hopi are the oldest Arizona residents, however, Hopi silversmithing is more of a recent craft. Much of the early Hopi jewelry was made from natural materials such as Turquoise, shells, wood, and seeds. It wasn’t until 1890 when Zuni silversmith Lanyard began trading his silver jewelry among the Hopi in return for their hand-woven native cotton textiles. Over time Lanyard taught his craft to a Hopi named Sikyatala.

Back in the 1930’s, the Hopi, started making their jewelry in the distinctive Overlay style. Overlay is a combination of two layers of sterling silver, similar in shape, with traditional designs carved in them. The bottom piece of silver would be oxidized, turning it black, while the top carved layer would be soldered on – the contrast between them makes the design pop, and it’s also very durable!

While the Hopi jewelry is mostly silver, turquoise also holds a special place. Turquoise holds a great deal of importance to the Native American culture, so it’s not surprising that even among the Hopi, the tribe whose most distinct style of jewelry is all silver, turquoise can still be found in some unique pieces of Hopi jewelry. Within the Hopi tribe, turquoise is said to ward off evil – bags of turquoise hung throughout the entire house deter this negative energy. As a protective stone, it was used by Hopi warriors when going into battle.

The Zuni

Image of a Zuni style bracelet

Zuni Bracelet.

What’s great about the Zuni tribe jewelry is that the stone designs are mostly inlaid, petit point and needlepoint. They are all cut, carved and crafted with the greatest of care. In the early 1800’s the Zuni learned to work with copper and brass salvaged from old kettles. It wasn’t until the late 19th century that a Navajo Silversmith Atsidi Chon introduced silver to the Zuni Tribe.

The most interesting thing about Zuni jewelry are the fetishes – no, it’s not what you think!

Image of a Zuni Bear Fetish

Zuni Bear Fetish

Fetishes are objects that hold a symbolic meaning – they’re used to attract luck, protection, and power. Fetishes are shaped in animal forms because it’s believed that an animal spirit resides in each one – that’s why stone fetishes were carved into the shape of animals. Mostly the little figurines are standalone pieces used for decoration, but, of course, they are also incorporated in jewelry designs.

These figurines are carved from a multitude of stones, with turquoise being the most sacred of all, and serpentine is most common. Of course, a fetish won’t work unless you care for it! The animal spirit hiding inside it must be nurtured. You can do this by combining it with shells, stones, or even arrowheads.

There are many, many more tribes with their own distinctive jewelry styles! This is only a small part of the story and I hope you enjoyed finding out a little history of how Native American tribes craft their jewelry. Today’s Native American jewelers craft their pieces by incorporating traditional designs, while also giving it a modern twist. Check out some of our products to see what modern Native American Jewelry looks like.

Do you have a favorite? I’d love to hear from you!

XOXO DeeDee

Anadarko, Oklahoma, U.S.A. - October 11, 2015: Woman dancing at the Kiowa Blackleggings Warrior Society Pow-wow.

Famous Native American Women in History

Hi, everyone! You may or may not know, but most of the artists I work with are Native American women. Working with such talented group of women, inspired me to learn more about some of the women that paved the way for the women that I am lucky enough to interact with. Our history has many intriguing contributions from famous Native American women. Pink Camel Boutique is my way of celebrating this heritage, so I thought it would be wonderful to tell you more about the history of Native American jewelry. It’s the perfect way to bring this culture to the forefront and how wearing it can remind you that no matter where you are and where you come from, you have the strength to do anything. Let’s get to it!

Annie Dodge Wauneka

In 1963, Annie Dodge Wauneka became the first Native American to win the Freedom Medal. She advocated for improvement in the education and health sector. She’s well known in the Navajo community, but I think that more people should be aware of her and her achievements.

Image of Annie Dodge Wauneka. One of the most famous Native American Woman in history.When she was just 8 years old in 1918, she witnessed an influenza outbreak. Annie, not the one to stand still in helplessness, assisted the staff in her boarding school with caring for the sick. Later in life, she was a member of the Navajo Tribal Council for 8 years, the second woman ever to be elected.

While she was on the council, she kept fighting against tuberculosis and even wrote a dictionary that translated the English words for modern medical practices into Navajo. Another area of healthcare Annie worked for was to care for pregnant women, infants, alcoholism, and regular eye and ear examinations.

Annie Dodge Wauneka was an amazing woman of great intelligence and drive whose passion was unstoppable! Luckily, this was recognized during her lifetime – in 1984 she was designated The Legendary Mother of the Navajo Nation by the Navajo Council.

Lyda Conley

Born way back in 1869, Lyda Conley was among the first Native American women attorneys. Coming from the Wyandot tribe, Lyda and her three sisters were working on protecting the Huron Cemetery in Kansas City. The sisters settled on the cemetery in a shack in order to prevent the sale of the land – they even used muskets!

After some time, Lyda appeared before the Supreme Court to argue that Native American burial grounds have a right to federal protection. Lyda kept fighting, and in 1916 the cemetery was finally made a federal park.

Lyda is buried at the side, which is today called Wyandot National Burial Ground and it’s also a National Historic Landmark.

 

Maria Tallchief

Image of ballerina Maria Tallchief. One of the most famous Native American Women.What’s the first thing that comes to your mind when you think about ballet? Maybe it’s pink tutus, the Nutcracker, cute little girls, or the long tradition of Russian prima ballerinas.

Well, one of the first American prima ballerinas was a Native American woman from the Osage. Maria, whose Osage family name is really Ki He Kah Stah Tsa, was born in 1925 and moved to New York when she was just 17. There she became a dazzling star of the New York City Ballet, and eventually, she even married its co-founder, George Balanchine.

Maria spent her life not only as the most spectacular ballerina, but also speaking out against stereotypes, and she was even a director of the Indian Council Fire Achievement Award. In Oklahoma, Maria Tallchief day is officially June 29, and you can still see her twirling as one of the Five Moons sculptures at the Tulsa Historical Society.

Pine Leaf

Image of Native American Warrior Pine Leaf.Pine Leaf was one of the best warriors of the Crow tribe, and she also became a Chief. Born in the Gros Ventres nation around 1806, Pine Leaf was captured by the Crow people at 10 years old, so she grew up within the Crow tribe. Pine Leaf didn’t despair – since then she was raised by a Crow warrior and learned all the necessary skills of a great warrior.

Pine Leaf was an excellent horse rider, marksman, and she was an expert at field-dressing a buffalo. The moment she became recognized as a great warrior was after she defended her people during a raid by the Blackfoot. Pine Leaf earned her place on the council of chiefs as both a warrior and a hunter.

The First G. I. Janes

There are so many women hidden in history who fought in wars in one way or another. Women often worked in the Army in informal ways, but in this case, two Native American women were enlisted in the US army as scouts!

Nal-Kai and Muchacha (who real identity is not known) were discovered in 1886 military records by researcher Col. David C’de Baca. Not a lot is known about these women, except that they were enlisted in the army as Army Scouts by the 20th Regiment, U. S. Infantry, at Fort Wingate.

This is amazing because there’s proof women were officially a part of the army way back in 1886, and to make things better, these are Native Americans!

All these women emanate strength and passion. I hope the stories of these women brought a smile on your face and in some way inspired you to leave your footprint in history!

We all have a warrior within us!

XOXO DeeDee